‘I Intend therefore to Prorogue’: the effects of political conflict and the Glorious Revolution in English parliament (2018) European Review of Economic History 22 (3): 261-297
editor's choice/lead article; published version available here
article in The Washington Post’s MonkeyCage Politics Blog (link)
article in Oxford University Press Blog (link)
Select Working Papers
Labor Markets and Institutions in Nineteenth-Century South Africa
Abstract: Postemancipation societies are some of the more important to study the evolution of labor institutions and economic organization. In this paper, I provide evidence on the incentives of agricultural employers to change labor laws in postemancipation South Africa (1854-1900). I show employers in wheat intense divisions were significantly more likely to ask the government to make labor laws more coercive as labor markets evolved following the discovery of diamonds in 1867. The text of requests indicate farmers sought to amend the laws to improve their enforcement and administration.
‘To destroy the settlement of estate’? the Glorious Revolution and estate acts of parliament, 1660–1702
working paper available here
Abstract: This article sheds light on the way the Glorious Revolution of 1688 in England affected property rights to land. From 1660 to 1702, the bulk of parliament’s legislative work was on estate acts that reorganized families’ rights to land use. Using a random sample of 65 estate acts, the article finds that the Revolution broadened political access to parliament. I show acts were primarily for members of parliament and their families, but new acts after 1688 had secondary connections to MPs as trustees. It also finds that the composition of the acts changed after the Revolution because landholders sought to break strict settlements, a new form of property conveyance. The findings establish the place of estate acts in the broad narrative of the Glorious Revolution and help to explain the development of capitalism in England.
‘A collection of unruly gentlemen’? Explaining Parliament’s Functioning in Seventeenth-Century England
article in the Economic History Society’s The Long Run blog (link)
Abstract: This paper combines a panel dataset on the population of Members of Parliament (MPs) with their private estate bill committee work to assess the effect of the Glorious Revolution of 1688 on the internal organization of parliament. It first documents the committee membership network is characteristic of a “star network” in every session suggesting MPs were named to committees so that parliament was well-organized. Second, it examines how constitutional changes to public finance and political changes, such as the development of political parties, with the Revolution of 1688 altered the types MPs that were important to the network. It finds chairmen of finance bills (supply and ways and means) were no longer important to the network after 1688. MPs affiliated with political parties also became less important after the Revolution. The findings show how integrated parliamentary organization was during this period and that the Glorious Revolution, by altering fundamental political issues, also changed parliament’s internal organization.
Select Research in Progress
Property Rights Change in Seventeenth-Century England: Evidence from Estate Acts of Parliament
Parliament, Property Rights, and London's Expansion: 1700-1830 (with Dan Bogart and Gary Richardson)
Members of Parliament, 1660-1834: A New Database